Keeping Yourself Safe On The Web

Keep normal computer functionality while combating malware

Keep Windows Updated!

  • Always keep current with the latest Microsoft security updates by applying Service Packs and all critical updates issued on the second Tuesday of each month. Also known as Patch Tuesday.
    • These can patch many of the security holes through which attackers can infect your computer.
  • Do not turn off Automatic Updates!
  • Go to Start > Control Panel > Automatic Updates to ensure they are on.

Tighten Internet Explorer’s Security Setting

  • Since Internet Explorer is the leading browser it will always be the lead in attacks from the bad guys.
    • Make your Internet Explorer more secure
      1. From within Internet Explorer click the Tools menu and then on Internet Options.
      2. Click once on the Security tab
      3. Click once on the Internet icon so it becomes highlighted.
      4. Click once on the Custom Level button.
        • Change the Download signed ActiveX controls to Prompt
        • Change the Download unsigned ActiveX controls to Disable
        • Change the Initialize and script ActiveX controls not marked as safe to Disable
        • Change the Installation of desktop items to Prompt
        • Change the Launching programs and files in an IFRAME to Prompt
        • Change the Navigate sub-frames across different domains to Prompt
        • When all these settings have been made, click on the OK button.
        • If it prompts you as to whether or not you want to save the settings, press the Yes button.
      5. Next press the Apply button and then the OK to exit the Internet Properties page.

Tighten Internet Explorer’s Security Setting (continued)
  1. Start up IE then go to Tools > Internet Options > Security
  2. Set the Security level for the Internet Zone to High. (If no slider is visible, click Default Level.)
  3. Click the Trusted Sites icon.
  4. Set the Security level for the this Zone to Medium. (If no slider is visible, click Default Level.)
  5. Click OK.


Use a Personal Firewall

Using more than one at a time can cause system crashes and/or program conflicts
  • It is critical that you use a firewall to protect your computer and your personal information from hackers.
  • Use a third party firewall

Use anti virus software


Only use one antivirus to avoid system conflicts
  • Always make sure your antivirus is up to date!
  • Set the updates to automatic. Or get in the habit of manually checking for updates weekly.
  • Below are some reliable free and paid antivirus.

Online Virus Scans

Occasionally run an online scan. These all remove what they find for free

Anti-malware Programs


Only one antispyware with real time protection is required but the use of multiple on-demand scanners is suggested
Be sure to check for updates before each scan
  • Antispyware test:
    • Spycar – A suite of tools designed to simulate spyware-like behavior.


Realtime Malware Blockers

Both of these can be used along with real time spyware protection, but only use one

Dialup users

Avoid Dialer rip offs


WinPatrol

Real time Infiltration Detection


System Restore and Backups

Do a complete virus scan before creating any backups

  • Backup refers to making copies of data so that these additional copies may be used to restore the original after a data loss event.


Backup software

Backups can be a invaluable resource

  • ERUNT & NTREGOPT A useful freeware utility for users of Windows 2000/XP.
  • It’s made up of two parts, ERUNT & NTREGOPT.
    • ERUNT will create daily complete backups of your computer’s Registry. Whilst System Restore does the same thing, a corrupt registry file may prevent Windows from booting & this effectively disables System Restore. With ERUNT, you’re able to restore the damaged Registry.
    • NTREGOPT works by recreating each registry hive “from scratch”, thus removing any slack space that may be left from previously modified or deleted keys. In other words, it compacts the Registry to a small size which allows Windows to load & perform faster.
  • Acronis True Image is a very attractive and reasonably priced hard drive imaging program, that can save you in the event your hard drive fails unexpectedly. Acronis supports Microsoft Windows Vista and offers a 15 day trial version.


Alternate Web Browsers

More secure and customizable

  • Alternative browsers like Mozilla Firefox are somewhat more secure because they are have fewer security holes. This is because fewer malware writers target the non Microsoft browsers.
  • Opera is a full-featured Internet power tool with many useful tools and features.
  • Avant Browser is a fast, stable, user-friendly, versatile web browser with many features.

You must remember that no browser will offer complete protection. If you access questionable sites, download illegal, pirated or keygens/cracked software or visit porn type websites then no browser will be secure enough!

Software Updates

It’s extremely important to keep your software up to date

  • Secuna Software Inspector
    • Detects insecure versions of applications installed
    • Verifies that all Microsoft patches are applied
    • Assists you in updating your system and applications
    • Runs through your browser. No installation or download is required.
  • The Secunia Software Inspector covers
    • Internet browsers
    • Internet browser plugins
    • Instant messaging clients
    • Email clients
    • Media players
    • Operating systems
  • FileHippo.com Update Checker
    • The Update Checker will scan your computer for installed software, check the versions and then send this information to FileHippo.com to see if there are any newer releases. These are then neatly displayed in your browser for you to download.
Sun Java JRE (Java Runtime Environment)

It is very important not only to keep Sun Java up to date but also to remove older versions which have security holes and can be exploited by malware
  • Install the latest version of the Java Runtime Environment
  • Uninstall any old versions of Sun Java in Add or Remove Programs. (Vista Programs And Features)
  • Download JavaRa and unzip the file to your Desktop.
  • Open JavaRA.exe and choose Remove Older Versions
  • Once complete exit JavaRA and delete the program.
  • The Microsoft Java Virtual Machine, or MS Java VM, should be removed due to it no longer being supported by Microsoft. It has become obsolete which leaves it open to exploit by malware.
CCleaner
Erase your tracks

Download CCleaner – It is suggested to download the CCleaner – Slim – No Toolbar which is the version without the Yahoo! Toolbar.

  • Double click on the ccsetup.exe file to start the installation of the program.
  • Select your language and click OK, then Next.
  • Read the license agreement and click I Agree.
  • Click Next to use the default install location.
  • Under Install Options, choose all the default settings
  • Click Install then Finish to complete installation.
  • Double click the CCleaner shortcut on the desktop to start the program.
  • On the Windows tab, under Internet Explorer, uncheck Cookies if you do not want them deleted. (If deleted, you will likely need to reenter your passwords at all sites where a cookie is used to recognize you when you visit).
  • If you use either the Firefox, Opera or Chrome browsers, the box to uncheck for Cookies is under the Applications tab.
    • Click on the Options icon at the left side of the window, then click on Advanced.
      Uncheck Only delete files in Windows Temp folders older than 48 hours.
  • Click on the Cleaner icon on the left side of the window, then click Run Cleaner to run the program.
  • Caution: It is recommended that you use the Registry cleaning feature with care.
  • Always back up the Registry before removing anything with the Registry cleaner.
  • Exit CCleaner.

Watch What You Download!

Screen savers, codecs, audio/video files, chat and e-mail attachments are just a few threats

Malware can be hidden in illicit software or other files and programs you might download from the Internet.

Many “freeware” programs come with an enormous amount of bundled spyware that will slow down your system, include pop-up advertisements, steal your personal information or just plain crash your browser and even the Operating System itself.

  • P2P programs come with an enormous amount of bundled malware. There are also multiple sites that offer rouge antimalware products.
  • Javacools EULAlyzer can analyze End User License Agreements in seconds. Discover if the software you’re about to install displays pop-up ads, transmits personally identifiable information, uses unique identifiers to track you, and much much more.
Malware Free All-In-1 Codec Packs

The K-Lite Codec Pack should be all you ever need

If there is a video or audio file that says it needs anything besides what the below codec packs include, it likely contains malware.


Website Analysis

Always know the sites you download from or visiting are safe
  • Dr. Web Link Scan – Scan a link or file before you download it by copy and then paste the download or url link into the white box then click Scan
  • LinkScanner Lite – Integrates with major search engines to check search results for a variety of online threats before you click.
  • WOT – Web of Trust – WOT is a free Internet security addon for your browser. It will keep you safe from online scams, identity theft, spyware, spam, viruses and unreliable shopping sites. WOT warns you before you interact with a risky website. It’s easy and it’s free. WOT works with Internet Explorer and Firefox.
  • vURL Online – This service is completely free and allows you to view the source code within a webpage without your having to visit the site itself.
  • Phishing is prevalent and on the rise. Make sure the site you go to is real. Your ISP or Web Browser may offer a toolbar to warn you of fake sites or you can choose one of the following
  • Spoofstick Toolbar
  • Netcraft Toolbar


Cookie Management

Generally harmless, cookies are pieces of information generated by a Web server and stored on the user’s computer

  • Cookie Viewer – This Power Tool automatically scans your computer, looking for “cookies”. It can then display the data stored in each one and can delete them.
  • Cookie Cruncher – Protects your hard drive from unwanted cookies.
  • Cookie Culler – Extended Cookie Manager. Protect/unprotect selected cookies. (Firefox only)
  • Add N Edit Cookies – Gives you the ability to easily alter, edit or delete cookies. (Firefox only)

Scan your security event log

Check for high security events happening on your machine


Resources

Videos & quizzes

Stand Up and Be Counted >>> <<< You can make difference!

About these ads

21 Responses to “Keeping Yourself Safe On The Web”

  1. serverguy Says:

    Wow, thats a good list. Nicely laid out too.

  2. the_webcam_guy Says:

    Interesting. I’ll download most of these.

  3. Need Help with Virus Removal - Page 4 - Raymond.CC Forum Says:

    [...] free, and sensible computer use you should be able to keep this from happening again. Check out Keeping Yourself Safe On The Web for tips and free tools to help keep you safe in the [...]

  4. Malware removal,need assistance - Page 4 - Raymond.CC Forum Says:

    [...] sites. WOT warns you before you interact with a risky website. It's easy and it's free. Check out Keeping Yourself Safe On The Web for tips and free tools to help keep you safe in the future. Also see Slow Computer? It May Not [...]

  5. PC Spontaniously Re-boots when Visiting Certain Sites - Page 3 - Computer Juice Says:

    [...] update Spybot – Search & Destroy before Immunizing. Spybot – Search & Destroy FAQ Check out Keeping Yourself Safe On The Web for tips and free tools to help keep you safe in the future. Also see Slow Computer? It may not be [...]

  6. Removal Steps Done, Logs Attached, Two Specific Requests - Computer Juice Says:

    [...] update Spybot – Search & Destroy before Immunizing. Spybot – Search & Destroy FAQ Check out Keeping Yourself Safe On The Web for tips and free tools to help keep you safe in the future. Also see Slow Computer? It may not be [...]

  7. Looks Like a Virus - Page 3 - Computer Juice Says:

    [...] update Spybot – Search & Destroy before Immunizing. Spybot – Search & Destroy FAQ Check out Keeping Yourself Safe On The Web for tips and free tools to help keep you safe in the future. Also see Slow Computer? It may not be [...]

  8. [Logs Included] Attacked by a Fake Antivirus Program - Page 2 - Computer Juice Says:

    [...] update Spybot – Search & Destroy before Immunizing. Spybot – Search & Destroy FAQ Check out Keeping Yourself Safe On The Web for tips and free tools to help keep you safe in the future. Also see Slow Computer? It may not be [...]

  9. Caught the Nasty "Iexplorer.exe" Virus - Computer Juice Says:

    [...] update Spybot – Search & Destroy before Immunizing. Spybot – Search & Destroy FAQ Check out Keeping Yourself Safe On The Web for tips and free tools to help keep you safe in the future. Also see Slow Computer? It may not be [...]

  10. gina Says:

    You’re a beast evilfantasy!! Thanx!

  11. Trojan.FakeMs.GEN / Licosearch.com - Computer Juice Says:

    [...] update Spybot – Search & Destroy before Immunizing. Spybot – Search & Destroy FAQ Check out Keeping Yourself Safe On The Web for tips and free tools to help keep you safe in the future. Also see Slow Computer? It may not be [...]

  12. Computer Runs Slow and Pop-Ups - Page 2 - Computer Juice Says:

    [...] update Spybot – Search & Destroy before Immunizing. Spybot – Search & Destroy FAQ Check out Keeping Yourself Safe On The Web for tips and free tools to help keep you safe in the future. Safe Surfing! __________________ [...]

  13. 42 Security.Hijack[ImageFileExecutionOptions] - Computer Juice Says:

    [...] update Spybot – Search & Destroy before Immunizing. Spybot – Search & Destroy FAQ Check out Keeping Yourself Safe On The Web for tips and free tools to help keep you safe in the future. Also see Slow Computer? It may not be [...]

  14. I Believe My Pc is Infected with Some Sort of Malware or Virus - Computer Juice Says:

    [...] update Spybot – Search & Destroy before Immunizing. Spybot – Search & Destroy FAQ Check out Keeping Yourself Safe On The Web for tips and free tools to help keep you safe in the future. Also see Slow Computer? It may not be [...]

  15. Avast! Alerts And Redirects - Computer Juice Says:

    [...] update Spybot – Search & Destroy before Immunizing. Spybot – Search & Destroy FAQ Check out Keeping Yourself Safe On The Web for tips and free tools to help keep you safe in the future. Also see Slow Computer? It may not be [...]

  16. My Files Get Transverted into Shortcuts...what's Wrong with My Laptop? - Computer Juice Says:

    [...] update Spybot – Search & Destroy before Immunizing. Spybot – Search & Destroy FAQ Check out Keeping Yourself Safe On The Web for tips and free tools to help keep you safe in the future. Also see Slow Computer? It may not be [...]

  17. Pop Ups - Page 3 - Computer Juice Says:

    [...] update Spybot – Search & Destroy before Immunizing. Spybot – Search & Destroy FAQ Check out Keeping Yourself Safe On The Web for tips and free tools to help keep you safe in the future. Also see Slow Computer? It may not be [...]

  18. XP Security 2012 Virus - Page 3 - Computer Juice Says:

    [...] update Spybot – Search & Destroy before Immunizing. Spybot – Search & Destroy FAQ Check out Keeping Yourself Safe On The Web for tips and free tools to help keep you safe in the future. Also see Slow Computer? It may not be [...]

  19. Help! Blue Screened While Following Guide! - Computer Juice Says:

    [...] update Spybot – Search & Destroy before Immunizing. Spybot – Search & Destroy FAQ Check out Keeping Yourself Safe On The Web for tips and free tools to help keep you safe in the future. Also see Slow Computer? It may not be [...]

  20. Strong Defense Against Viruses - Virus, Spyware and Security - Computer Juice Says:

    [...] Spybot – Search & Destroy before Immunizing. Spybot – Search & Destroy FAQ Check out Keeping Yourself Safe On The Web for tips and free tools to help keep you safe in the future. __________________ Some days you're [...]

  21. Have Been Infected After Norton 2011 Internet Ran Out,now I Want to Wipe My - Computer Juice Says:

    [...] one firewall at the same time. ************************************************** **** Check out Keeping Yourself Safe On The Web for tips and free tools to help keep you safe in the future. How does a computer become infected. [...]


Comments are closed.

Follow

Get every new post delivered to your Inbox.

%d bloggers like this: